Category: Pd

rtlsdr, Pd, linux


Today was able to get the rtlsdr~ object running in Pd on Ubuntu 14.04 on a Macbook pro.

Audio quality seems rough. The only driver I could get to work was Alsa at 44.1KHz – may be able to get help with this from Pd community.

Ended up using 64bit libraries for librtlsdr and libusb-1.0 . In fact, needed to using the shared (.so) libraries, not the static ones (.a) due to a weird linker error. Its possible that it happened due to mixing shared and static and I might try again using both static for these 2 libs.

See notes from previous post about issues with USB capture, and non-root user in Linux – there are 2 flags on the cmake for rtlsdr that might help resolve both of these, but I wasn’t having any luck and needed to use the method described in previous post.

The source code for linux version is in the /usr/lib/pd-extended/extra/rtlsdr~ folder – and the test pd file is in ~/pd/rtlSDR-block.pd, along with some abstractions.

There is also a makefile to build a local version of rtl_fm (rtl_fm3.c) in ~/rtl-sdr-new/rtl-sdr/rtl-fm3/

This makefile mixes the static and shared libs with no problem… hmm…?


Need to package this stuff up and send it to pdsdr github with source for Max/Pd on mac and Pd on linux. + instructions… etc.,

Would like to try running on r-pi – but will need to adapt the test patch to receive Osc messages because there is no gui on r-pi

Also I am some skeptical about running at low sample rates for audio – we’ll see…

another note

Just thinking, that even if I am not able to run rtlsdr~ on r-pi that we could adapt rtl_fm so it receives control input from Pd using Osc and work that way…


rtl-sdr: Pd, Max and Mac

Notes on compiling rtl_sdr in Mac OS – writing Max and Pd Externals.


update 3/31/2014

Today I got the Pd external running – using essentially same source code as Max. There is occasional weirdness going on with audio clicks when starting/stopping the radio, but other than that it seems fine and it runs. wooHOO. More to follow…


update 3/28/2014

Now have set up a skeleton for Pd, called rtlfmz~ (inside the Pd application bundle) which does absolutely nothing but compiles all of the project files and calls a function in rtl_fm.  Next step will be to port the actual Max external code and do the conversion.

updates 3/38/2014 before working on Pd version

There is now a fairly solid max external (rtlfmz~) using a recent version for rtl_fm. Also there is a simple Makefile that compiles local version of rtl_fm3.c in:


There are very minor changes to rtl_fm.c (for includes) and also a local version of librtlsdr.a (librtlsdr32.a) that is 32 bit.

The current state of the Max external does both pre-demodulated and raw IQ output, but you can only run one copy  of the object due to excess use of global variables and my uncertainty over how to run multiple devices, threading, etc.,  – but we’ll go with it an try porting to Pd now.

update 2/27 – converted to using new version of rtl_fm

I had been using an older version of rtl_fm –

renamed external to rtlfmz~ and now using new version as (rtl_fm3.c) in the project

In addition to recopying the librtlsdr.a – I also recopied all of the include files and added two new files

convenience.c convenience.h

There is a different method of threading and reading which I haven’t looked at yet, but it is now doing what it did before inside Max, which is read FM for a few seconds and write audio data to a file

plan: Set up a circular buffer accessible to the output thread and to the max perform function. – then see if we can get it to run for a few seconds.

The main thing to think about is how to let the processing happen in another thread while returning control to max. Then there really should be a way to interrupt processing from max.

There needs to be a max instance variable that tells whether the radio is running or not. Then, when its time to stop – you just do all the cleanup stuff that is at the end of the rtl_fm main() function.


update 2/18/2014 – Max external

Now have rtl_fm function within the plussztz~ external

It detects, opens device, demodulates about 30 seconds of FM, and writes audio at 44.1kHz. to a file /tmp/radio.bin – which can be played by the play command

Changes to code included:

  • removing exit calls
  • changing printf to post()
  • removing signal interrupt handling
remaining to do:
  • Need a way to get the device to read in the background – so its not blocking the Max thread
  • Need a way to stop/restrart the device – because if we aren’t, the continual sync_reads will waste a lot of cpu cycles.

update 2/15/2014 – Max external

Have now successfully  compiled a test external in Max 6.1.4 – name is plussztz~ and it includes the rtl_fm code.  Made 2 changes so far:

  • in build settings, set architectures to i386
  • in rtl_fm2, changed <include> libusb.h to “include” libusb.h

original post

Today I was able to write a simple makefile to compile the rtl_fm app using the libusb and librtlsdr dynamic libraries.

Pd requires i386 architecture for externals (i386) so I then compiled the app using static libraries and the i386 architecture.

libusb-1.0 already had a 32 bit version in /usr/local/lib/libusb32-1.0.a (note that this version also requires compiling these frameworks:

-framework foundation -framework iokit

For librtlsdr, I rebuilt, using cmake with the following flags:


But did not install the result. See this link for details on building with cmake:

This produced a 32 bit static version of librtlsdr.a that could be used for building the app.

See this Stack Overflow post for more on cmake and architectures:

local files:

currently local version of this test is in: tkzic/rtl-sdr-tz/rtl_fm2/

The default makefile builds the 32 bit architecture.


  • try to move the makefile into Xcode
  • try compiling rtl_sdr or rtl_fm as a simple max object – the fm app might be better to start with since it gives an audio signal output.
  • then try in pd




Software Defined Radio in Pd

This is based on the Max tutorials. I have only written one external (for Soft66LC2). But everything seems to be working well with minimal filtering. After watching the video, I think the next feature should be an AGC (automatic gain control) on the input stage.